To achieve economic growth and sustainable development, we must immediately change production and consumption patterns and reduce the ecological footprint. Agriculture is the largest water sector in the world, and agricultural irrigation accounts for nearly 70% of the total consumption of fresh water.
Effective management of common natural resources, toxic waste and pollutant treatment is critical to achieving goal 12. It is also important to encourage industrial, business and consumer recycling, reduce waste, and support developing countries to shift to sustainable consumption patterns by 2030.
On the one hand, a large part of the world's population's basic needs for survival have not been met; on the other hand, serious waste still exists. From the perspective of retailers and consumers, halving the global per capita food waste will help improve the efficiency of production and supply chain, enhance food security, and make our economic system use resources more effectively.
China: focus on goal 12
China has always been committed to the implementation of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development and seeking sustained multi-party cooperation to promote global development.
To learn more about goal 12 and the opportunities and challenges for China to achieve goal 12 by 2030, please visit the UNDP sustainable development goal open online course: http://open.163.com/unpsdgmooc